SIM Cloning is basically creating a duplicate SIM from the original one. It is similar to SIM swapping. However, this is a technically sophisticated technique, where software is used to copy the real SIM card. It is done to get access to victims’ International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) and encryption key, which are used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile telephony. Cloning the SIM will enable the fraudster to take control and track, monitor, listen to calls, make calls, and send texts using the mobile number.